SCA Symptoms and Treatments
Sickle-cell anemia is one of the most common inherited disorders and is associated with both unpredictable recurrent acute pain and chronic pain. Morphine, an opioid, has been the drug of choice for the treatment of severe pain associated with SCA. Sickle-cell anemia affects patients by beginning as a tingling sensation, often in the hands or ankles, and becoming severe pain, spreading across the entire body. These painful episodes can last minutes or hours.
Patients with SCA have crescent shaped blood cells, compared to disc shaped blood cells in healthy individuals. These cells block blood flow, which causes pain, fatigue, and organ damage. The periods of intense pain are commonly known as a “sickle cell crisis.”
Cannabis has pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties that are particularly useful for SCA patients.
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